Environmentally friendly products, processes, and practices impose no harm to the natural environment. They help conserve resources like water and energy, and do not contribute to air, water, and land pollution. It is quickly becoming a global call for concern as many countries are beginning to take consideration of this issue. Thus, seeking to become eco friendly countries.
In measuring environmental sustainability efforts of countries, we use the Environmental Performance Index. Some of the performance indicators used to score these countries are household air quality, air pollution, drinking water quality, wastewater treatment, species protection, marine protected areas and CO2 emissions. The scores achieved by each country are translated into rankings that can be used as an opportunity for countries to engage in friendly competition as they try to improve their rank.
If you are looking to visit or relocate to an environmental friendly country, you just may want to consider the following top 10 most eco-friendly countries examined below:
Germany completes the top ten lists of the world’s greenest nations. Germany holds an EPI score of 77.2 overall, ranking fourth in the world for biodiversity and a sanitation score of 100. Ten policies have been put in place in Germany to move it closer to a “renewable energy revolution.” The country boasts some particularly impressive biodiversity statistics and ranks highest in the world for political stability and leadership – absolutely essential qualities for any country working on environmental initiatives towards a green future.
Germany has great public transport options and is also very bicycling friendly, with over 200 long-distance cycle paths.
They have a less than perfect pollution emissions score, and are the only country in the top 10 which has seen this get worse over the previous 10 years.
The Norwegian government has committed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 40% by the year 2030. They currently produce over 98% of the country’s electricity from renewable energy sources, mostly via hydroelectric power.
Norway also prioritizes drinking water quality, sanitation and waste management.
Norway’s EPI score is at 77.7
With air quality slightly lower than Finland, Sweden comes in eight positions as the most eco friendly country with 78.7. Sweden ranks high for both solid waste and lead. Renewable energy and low carbon dioxide emissions have made Sweden one of the greenest countries in the world.
Finland is haven for clean and portable drinking water and sanitation although it has a low population density enjoying these benefits. The Finnish government has investment schemes in forest and wildlife preservation and the renewable energy sources (wind power) putting in place mechanisms aimed at increasing its usage to attain the goal of green living.
In 2020, renewable energy accounted for 40% of Finland’s total energy consumption, Finland scores 78.9 holding the 7th position of the world’s eco-friendly countries.
Austria comes in as the sixth eco-friendly country all over the world with an EPI score of 79.6 and for her, staying in contact with nature is not only for the benefits of quality air, but rather, a way of life for the Austrian people. The Austrian government is making incredible efforts in the domain of waste management, pollution and the Agricultural sector.
Austria is also working on restricting the usage of pesticides in a bid to protect the trees and forests.
According to the EPI, France scores a total of 80 thanks to her environmental initiatives which include using hydro turbines along its rivers and prohibiting its stores from destroying or discarding high-quality food that has not been sold.
Climate change, pollution emissions and biodiversity are therefore the areas in which France scores highly, leading to a respectable 5th place in the list of the most environmentally friendly countries.
4. United Kingdom:
The EPI score for the United Kingdom is 81.3. Performance categories such as sanitation and drinking water, and the management of solid household fuels, are all rated at 100% in the United Kingdom. Moreover, the country comes in second place world-wide in terms of commitments and outcomes to rates of global warming and first place for managing air pollution emissions. The UK also takes pride in her biodiversity category, such as marine protected areas and species protection. Considering the country’s 66.52 million residents, these placements are both heartening and impressive.
Prior to a plan to ban single use plastic cutlery in 2021, the United Kingdom government had earlier placed a restriction on plastic straws that was introduced in 2020.
Switzerland is known for its quality mountainous air and green living which gives it beautiful scenery. Switzerland is increasingly popular with expats looking for a safe, green lifestyle, making it to our list of the greenest countries for expats. Her biodiversity and climate change goals are championed by her green economy . It seeks to take a finance driven approach to encourage sustainability, target net zero emissions and protect biodiversity.
Her EPI measurement scores are high in the domains of health and sanitation, environmental protection through the Spatial Planning Act approved and implemented by the Swiss government, as well as in the domain of emissions.
Switzerland also has huge investments in renewable energy as an important component of their move towards net zero.
Well-known for its high quality of living, Luxembourg is growing fast while staying eco-conscious, being one of the greenest countries and known for its environmentally friendly lifestyle. Luxembourg pays very close attention to sustainable and eco-friendly living, thanks to the 20% forest that provides the capital city with great air quality and pavements favouring cycling and walking. |
With regards to Carbon footprint, Luxembourg is working hard to reduce traffic by improving its public transport network. It is also working to increase the share of renewable energy in electricity, which was up from 3.3% to 9.1%
With an EPI score of 82.5, Denmark earns the title of most environmentally friendly country in the world. Denmark stands out for its high scores in the “biodiversity and habitat” and “air quality” categories. Denmark’s EPI score was strong in several areas, including climate change, which showed they have the lowest co2 emissions growth rate in the world. Wastewater treatment, pollution emissions, biodiversity, health and ecosystem vitality were other areas in which Denmark excelled.